# List of symbols or abbreviations (nomenclature)

Printing a list of abbreviations or symbols is one of these things (like so many) LaTeX provides a very simple and elegant solution for. The nomencl package implements a few basic commands to do that.

First load the package in the preamble. The makenomenclature command is required for the generation of the nomenclature file (.nlo). Commenting it out is a convenient way to “switch it off”.

\usepackage{nomencl}
\makenomenclature

Next, add abbreviations together with their description or long form to your document. Ideally, this is done immediately after an abbreviation is mentioned for the first time.

\nomenclature{Fig.}{Figure}
\nomenclature{$A_i$}{Area of the $i^{th}$ component}

This command has an optional argument which provides control over the order of the entries. Consider the following example:

I want $\beta$\nomenclature{$\beta$}{The second letter of the greek alphabet} to be listed after $\alpha$\nomenclature{$\alpha$}{The first letter of the greek alphabet}

Makeindex, the command that generates the list of abbreviations (see below), will automatically sort the entries. Therefore, $\alpha$ and $\beta$ will appear in an “alphabetic” order. To change this order manually, one can use a sorting prefix (optional argument), the simplest would just be consecutive numbers, and the symbols will be sorted accordingly.

I want $\beta$
\nomenclature[2]{$\beta$}{The second letter of the greek alphabet}
to be listed after $\alpha$
\nomenclature[1]{$\alpha$}{The first letter of the greek alphabet}

Linebreaks were added for presentation purposes only.

The following command prints the abbreviation/symbol list at the corresponding position of the document.

\printnomenclature

To control the distance between the symbol or abbreviation and the explaining text use the optional distance argument.

\printnomenclature[5em]

To change the name of the list use

\renewcommand{\nomname}{List of Symbols}

Similar to a glossary or bibliography, the document is typesetted once (latex). Next, the nomenclature is generated using makeindex. Finally, the document is typesetted again, adding the nomenclature to it.

latex filename.tex
makeindex filename.nlo -s nomencl.ist -o filename.nls
latex filename.tex

The makeindex command takes the nomenclature file (.nlo), the style file (nomencl.ist) and the name of the output file (.nls) as input arguments.

Complete code of a working example and its output

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{nomencl}
\makenomenclature
\renewcommand{\nomname}{Time Zones}
\begin{document}
UTC\nomenclature{UTC}{Coordinated Universal Time} is 3 hours behind ADT\nomenclature{ADT}{Atlantic Daylight Time} and 10 hours ahead of EST\nomenclature{EST}{Eastern Standard Time}.
\printnomenclature
\small\hfill Created by http://texblog.org
\end{document}

Note, to save some typing, you can define your own nomenclature command that prints the symbol/abbreviation and generates a list entry at the same time.

\newcommand*{\nom}[2]{#1\nomenclature{#1}{#2}}
...
\nom{EST}{Eastern Standard Time}

Refer to the nomencl package documentation for more details.

#### 29 responses to “List of symbols or abbreviations (nomenclature)”

• Dror Atariah

# for nomenclature
sub nlo2nls {
system(“makeindex $_[0].nlo -s nomencl.ist -o$_[0].nls -t $_[0].nlg”); } to the .latexmkrc file for this method to work hand in hand with latexmk. • Frits Nice read. Recently I also posted about adding a nomenclature to LaTeX documents, without making use of either xindy or makeindex (as many TeXers find that rather difficult). Read it here: http://www.howtotex.com/packages/create-a-simple-nomenclature-with-the-longtable-package/ At the bottom of that post some alternatives are also given, one of which the way described here. • tom Hi Frits, Thanks for the link. The drawback is, you point it out in your post, you have to collect and type everything out manually. Nice site by the way! Best, Tom. • Sailesh How can I have List of Symbols and List of Abbreviations in the thesis using nomenclature?? • tom Hi Sailesh, The documentation describes how to create subgroups and I put together their example below. If you require two separate lists, I suggest using the glossaries package, which is more flexible. Best, Tom. \documentclass[11pt]{article} \usepackage{nomencl} \usepackage{ifthen} \renewcommand{\nomgroup}[1]{% \ifthenelse{\equal{#1}{R}}{\item[\textbf{Variables}]}{% \ifthenelse{\equal{#1}{G}}{\item[\textbf{Constants}]}{} } } \makenomenclature \begin{document} This is some fancy text. \nomenclature[ga ]{$\alpha$}{Constant} \nomenclature[rx ]{$x\$}{Variable}
\printnomenclature
\end{document}
• Fer

Hi, I’m using nomenclature after \listoftables and \listoffigures, and before the beginning of the first chapter.
My problem is that every of the firsts commands create a second blank page with only the header and page number, however nomenclature don’t, and there is a second blank page after nomenclature with the header of listoffigures. It seems like latex don’t know listoffigures end before nomenclature or something like that. By the way, listoffigures, of tables, etc. are not in the index (makeindex), and nomenclature does.

• tom

Hi Fer,

See here for a solution to your double page break problem. It’s got to do with the documentclass option openright.

Let me know if your problems are still facing problems.

Best, Tom.

• shd89

Hi,
how can I print the nomenclature list in two columns??

• ash

Hi!

i use a simple command to \listoftables and \listoffigure and how to create list of symbols

• Martha

Hi Tom. I have been trying to follow your examples, but I still can’t make the list of abbreviations. I copied your Time Zone-example into TeXshop, but it doesn’t seem like the \printnomenclature works. Any suggestions? Thanks anyway:-)

• Raghu Ram

I used the nomencl pakage as you suggested in another post. Everything is working fine, but the title appears as centered, unlike the List of Tables and List of Figures page, where the title appears on the left. One more thing is that the fontsize of the title is also small compared to the fontsize of the List of Figures page.

Here is the code:

\documentclass{report}

\usepackage{tocloft}
\usepackage{etoolbox}
\usepackage{titlesec}

\usepackage{nomencl}
\makenomenclature
\renewcommand{\nomname}{List of Abbreviations}

\titleformat{\chapter}[display]
{\normalfont\LARGE\bfseries}{\filright\chaptertitlename\ \thechapter}
{20pt}{\LARGE\filcenter}

\titlespacing*{\chapter}{0pt}{-30pt}{40pt}

\begin{document}

\tableofcontents
\clearpage
\listoffigures
\clearpage
\printnomenclature

\chapter{Dummy}
I don't like WYSIWYG\nomenclature{WYSIWYG}{What You See Is What You Get} editors.

\end{document}

I haven’t included any image as such in this code, but I have done so in my thesis.

• tom

Hi,

You redefine the titleformat. Just remove or comment out lines 11-13 (and possibly 15) and you’ll get the standard behavior.

Cheers, Tom.

• konstantin

HI
i attempt the ‘Complete code of a working example and its output’ in my texwork and it only displays the sentence UTC is 3 hours behind ADT and 10 hours ahead of EST

• Magical Marshmallow

Hi,

I’ve a problem with my list of Nomenclature and Abbreviations and a fancyhdr. My list works fine, but when it runs over to a second page, the header appears only on the second page, not on the first. Very strange. Anyone have any ideas for a solution please?

My code is:

\documentclass{scrreprt}
\makenomenclature
\renewcommand{\nomname}{Nomenclature \& Abbreviations}
\usepackage{fancyhdr}
\begin{document}
\protect\thispagestyle{fancy}
\twocolumn
\titlespacing*{\chapter}{0cm}{-0.26cm}{0.65cm}
\chaptermark{Nomenclature \& Abbreviations}
\printnomenclature[1.8cm] %1.8cm between abbreviation and explanation
\protect\thispagestyle{fancy}
\pagebreak
\end{document}
• tom

Hi,

The first page of your abbreviations and nomenclature is a “chapter start page”. By default, headers are empty on these pages. To change that, you would have to redefine the chapter command.
A note: you redefine \nomname, why don’t you use it further below. I.e.:

...
\chaptermark{\nomname}

Cheers, Tom.

• Magical Marshmallow

Hey Tom,

Thanks for the reply. Hadn’t thought of the \nomname, probably because I was working on this at silly o’clock!

My header shows up when I have a new chapter page in the main body of text and also on the TOC pages, so I don’t follow what you mean when you say a ‘Chapter start page’.

My fancy header shows up on all my LOF, LOT, TOC
Can you direct me to somewhere that might explain what I need to do to sort this out

Cheers

• tom

Hello,

You might want to give this a try (from nomencl documentation:

\renewcommand{\nompreamble}{
\protect\thispagestyle{fancy}
...
}

If that doesn’t work, it would help if you provided an example that can be typeset. The code on latex-community.org is somewhat more complete, but packages are missing and the document is empty.

Here are some pointers you might find useful:

Best, Tom

• Magical Marshmallow

and BOOM! Cheers Tom

• eman

Hi Tom,
really liked the way you explained it all. i have a question that i can’t seem to find the answer for online and am running out of time and options. could you please help me?
it sounds silly, but … I’m a newbie…so here goes:
how do i install packages in latex?
I’ve had to manually do many functions for which a package is available like splitting a long table!

• tom

Hi eman,

There are essentially two ways:

1. If you only need the package for this project, it is sufficient to place the package file (.sty) in the project directory. It is only available to the project you are working on.
2. You can install packages globally. After downloading, you copy the package file into your tex distribution tree and update the index. The entire installation process is described here.

HTH, Tom

• Michal

Hi Tom,
I would like to have more than one nomenclature in my document:
1. Below every equation
2. At the begining of the document a complete nomentclature of all symbols used.

Do you know whether it is possible to do this using nomencl package ?
Or in other words, how to make \nomenclature visible ?