1. Rob

    Very interesting post, but I think you are missing something: Every once in a while if you change font sizes, the line height is not adjusted – resulting in large space between two lines. Maybe you could comment on that as well in this post? It would fit nicely…

      • Rob


        % Normalsize text
        % Scriptsize text with normalsize line spacing
        % Scriptsize text with scriptsize line spacing
        % \par does the trick as well
  2. Humberto Munoz

    Hi Tom, How I can change the font type in LaTeX for parts/elements of a document?

    Thanks Humberto Munoz

  3. Juan Luis Varona

    The line height is assigned at the end of the paragraph.

    So perhaps the solution for your doubt is to use

    {\tiny Foo foo foo ... foo \par}


    {\Huge Foo foo foo ... foo \par}
  4. Smufos

    Thanks a lot for this article and especially for the hint to use \par to adjust line spacing. Could you please add a short explanation on *why* this fixes the spacing?

    • Hi Smufos,

      Thanks for your question! The command \par ends the paragraph, that’s for sure. Now why \par does the trick, I’m not entirely sure. Apparently, TeX reads the whole paragraph first for optimal space adjustment between words. And manually ending the paragraph seems to also adjust \baselineskip when the font size is changed, whereas standard paragraph ending (blank line) does not. “The TeXbook” by Donald E. Knuth would be the right place to look for an answer :-).

      Cheers, Tom.

  5. Homa

    Thanks for the article, but how can one adjust font size of all equations globally? I mean a global math size which differs from global text font size?
    II seems ridiculous to change the math font size in big projects manually!

  6. Michael A. Peters

    Hi, I’m dealing with a monospace type 1 font that is not part of CTAN, I used the fontinst instructions and they work well but it is a little too big when used inline with another font.

    I noticed some fonts have a scale option that can be passed to their usepackage command that corrects this issue but I have no clue how to go about adjusting my .sty for that.

    This is the extent of my lucimono.sty file:

    \ProvidesPackage{lucimono}[2007/01/31 v.0.3 lucimono (Lucida Mono) package]

    and it has worked well for years when used with lucida bright (I don’t like the monospace font that comes with lucida bright – I think it’s Lucida Typewriter, different than Lucida Mono) but when I use it with Times – it just is a little too big.

    Any clue on where I need to look to find out how to add a scale option to my lucimono.sty file?

    Thank you.

    • Hi,

      Thanks for your question. I’m not an expert on fonts really. However, what I read while trying to better understand your problem is that people recommend using luximono instead, which supports scaling through an optional parameter (see code below). You can download and install the luximono font as described here. In case you really need to use lucimono fonts, take a look at the luximono style file and how the scaling is done.


      Best, Tom

  7. Abhik

    I want to write my Ph. D. Thesis in Gulliver font of latex. What should be the document class and commands for the font?

    • tom

      Hi Abhik,

      Thanks for this interesting question! You can find an informative discussion on the Gulliver font here. Briefly, the Gulliver font is proprietary and no similar free font exists. In case using this particular font for your thesis is a university requirement, they should have a license and be able to tell you how to install it on your system. Otherwise, you might want to take a look at the LaTeX font catalogue and pick another font you like. Sorry for the “bad” news.

      Cheers, Tom

  8. Abhik

    I want to write my ph. d. thesis in the font Gulliver. Is there any package in Latex for it ? Kindly inform me.

  9. John Ford

    Very useful post. I’ve been using TeX for 35 years, and LaTeX for the last 20 or so, creating lecture notes with Beamer. I’ve frequently found the available font sizes limiting. The anyfontsize package solves that beautifully. Thank you.

  10. Hi sir,

    In some standard templates like sage even though using \documentclass[12pt]{sage} font size won’t change. Is any solution for that in order to change font size..?

      • Kanchana

        Hi Tom sir,

        I have modified the theme I want to upload it to net so that it might useful to new theme seeker. Do you know the procedure to upload it.

      • tom

        Hi Kanchana,

        Thanks for getting back to me. By theme, do you mean the modified template? Perhaps you can post the code as a comment below. If it’s not too long and may be useful to other people, I’ll be happy to publish your code.

        Thanks, Tom

    • tom

      Hi Ayed,

      Please specify what “normal” means. Helvetica, Times, or Arial are frequently used fonts. The default font in TeX/LaTeX is Computer Modern. Also, sometimes the university defines the font to be used for a thesis.


      • Anonymous Coward

        If he wants Times, then he could just add `\usepackage{times}`.

        But, personally, I dislike this font. For now, my choice is on kpfonts (`\usepackage{kpfonts}`), which is a very good looking font.

  11. Zainab

    I am writing my thesis. Some chapters have different font size – larger than others. How can make all the chapters have the same? May you help me please?

    • tom

      Hi Zainab,

      This should not happen. You can set the normal font size globally as an optional argument to documentclass.


      Whenever you use a macro to modify the font size locally, make sure you properly close it.

      % or
      {\small ...}
  12. Adrian Dusa

    Thank you Tom, wonderful resource that led me to solve the problem I had. Sometimes, it is not only the font size but also the space between the lines has to be adjusted (in my case for a verbatim environment), and doing so globally was quite a challenge.

    Following your post, this is the solution I came across:


    This reduced the space between the lines to 90% (if I understand it right), and sets the font, in my case Menlo, to the desired size according to your advice. This might also answer Michael Peters to whom you recommended the luximono package.


  13. infinitebuffalo

    Is there any way to say “whatever the parent grouping’s font size is, make this group’s one size {larger|smaller}”, akin to CSS’s “font-size: larger/smaller”?

  14. Gula

    How do I make this font size thing into a macro?

    I mean, allover fontsize is the default size while certain texts are a size depending on what I put in the macro.

    Hello, {\large World}! How are {\large You} today? I, I am {\large fine}, thank you.

    The way I want to do it:
    Hello, {\aMacro World}! How are {\aMacro You} today? I, I am {\aMacro fine}, thank you.

    What I’ve come up with so far is:
    \aMacro{\footnotesize}% originally I wanted \large but now I want \footnotesize
    … but this doesn’t work.

    The purpose is of \aMacro is so that I can change those certain text ‘automatically’ (instead of manually) if I happen to want another size.

    Thank you.

  15. Yeom

    Thank you for your post.

    I am writing my thesis and its format in Latex.
    My university has given the reference format which is made by Hancom office (this program is only for Hangul in South korea).
    So, I am changing it to Latex format.

    But, I have a problem.
    How do I change length of the text which have a fixed height.
    I did not find this option. (In Hangul office, it is intuitively possible to adjust this option)

    Thank you

  16. richardpaulhall


    I am very new to Latex.
    Where do you put that line?
    Experimenting with it, I see no change in the document.

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